The locus of control relates to how much individuals believe they have control over the events that affect their life. Your locus of control can impact not just how you react to events in your life, but also your drive to act. Research has shown that people with an external locus of control are more likely to follow through on commitments than those with an internal locus of control.
Locus of control is a person-specific concept that measures an individual's belief about where they can be affected by what happens to them. An individual's perception of whether they are able to influence what happens to them may be based on their experience or what others have told them about themselves. Someone who believes they are controlled by external forces may feel powerless to change their situation, while someone who believes they are responsible for their own fate may feel capable of affecting what happens to them.
Research has shown that people who have an internal locus of control tend to be more successful in life than those who have a external one. This may be because those who believe they can affect what happens to them are more motivated to take action and commit themselves to goals.
People who have an internal locus of control are also less likely to suffer from anxiety disorders and depression.
A person's perspective of the underlying principal causes of occurrences in his or her life is referred to as the locus of control. Or, to put it another way, do you believe that you have influence over your destiny or that it is governed by external factors (such as fate, god, or strong others)?
The concept of locus of control was first described by Helene Deutsch in 1955. Since then, it has become a widely accepted principle in psychology that individuals differ in their perceptions of control. People who think they have little influence over what happens to them use this belief as a coping mechanism for difficulties they may be facing. Conversely, people who feel like they can affect what happens to them take comfort in this knowledge.
People are usually classified as either internal or external sources of control. Internal sources include one's skills and abilities; these people believe they can affect what happens to them. External sources include circumstances outside of one's control, such as bad luck or other people; these people believe they can only react to events that have already taken place.
Research has shown that individuals who perceive greater internal control also report higher levels of happiness than those who believe they have little influence over what happens to them.
Furthermore, people who consider themselves responsible for their own lives tend to make better decisions. They are less likely to engage in risky behaviors because they don't want to suffer the consequences if they fail.
The locus of control is regarded as an essential feature of personality in psychology.
People differ in their views about the extent to which they can influence events that affect them. Those who believe that they have little or no influence over their own lives and those around them are said to have an external locus of control. People who believe that they can influence what happens to them by their actions and those around them are said to have an internal locus of control.
Studies have shown that people with an internal locus of control experience less stress than those with an external one. This is because people who think that they can influence events that affect them feel more in control of their lives and this reduces their level of anxiety.
People who believe that things will happen to them are known as fatalists. They may be able to influence what happens to them through their actions, but they cannot change the principal cause of the event - it is outside of their control. People who believe that they can change what happens to them through their actions are called self-starters. They may be able to influence the outcome of events by their efforts, but they cannot change the principal cause - it is still beyond their control.