Cognitive psychologists investigate internal processes such as perception, attention, language, memory, and thought. They inquire, for example, "How can we obtain knowledge about the outside world?" How do we store and handle data? What is the nature of consciousness? These are some of the questions that cognitive psychologists study.
Cognitive psychologists also examine how our brains process information. They try to understand how the mind works by studying how people think and act and by using this knowledge to develop theories to explain what goes on inside our heads when we think or make decisions. For example, cognitive psychologists may want to know how children learn languages. They might test their theories by testing children on different aspects of language learning (i.e., listening, speaking, reading, and writing). Cognitive psychologists then use these findings to make further predictions about how children will perform in other situations where their theories may be applied.
Finally, cognitive psychologists attempt to improve human abilities and compensate for mental disabilities. They seek ways to enhance our memories, concentrate better, interpret social cues accurately, and make better decisions all around us.
Cognitive psychology as a field of study was founded in the early 20th century by George Miller who proposed the "memory model" of thinking. He argued that memory is a collection of similar items stored in separate places in our minds.
Cognitive psychologists investigate the internal mental processes that shape human behavior. Understanding how humans generate, retain, and use memories; how people see information in their surroundings; how information is processed; and how language develops are all part of this. The field of cognitive psychology also includes research on animal cognition, including what animals know and how they learn.
Cognitive psychologists study how the mind works by testing theories about the functions of certain brain parts in animals and humans. They often do so by asking scientists to predict how a particular function should affect the brain and then checking their predictions against data from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, psychophysics, and behavioral experiments.
Because the mind is such a mysterious thing, there are many different theories about what some of its functions might be. Some ideas that have been popular over time include: understanding that which causes our sensations and perceptions can also create thoughts and feelings; explaining why some people are more intelligent than others; determining how children learn language; and much more. Cognitive psychologists seek to discover the truth about the mind by testing these theories and others like them using evidence from scientific studies.
In summary, the goal of cognitive psychology is to understand how the mind works by studying both animals and humans. It is a broad field that investigates many different topics within our understanding of thinking and learning.
Cognitive psychology is the study of internal mental processes—that is, everything that happens within your brain, such as perception, thinking, memory, attention, language, problem-solving, and learning. It is based on analysis of behavior and experience, with a focus on how these factors influence one another.
Cognitive psychologists look at how our brains process information through the eyes of neurobiology, using scientific methods similar to those used by scientists in other fields. Their findings have implications for everyone who uses their minds (i.e., all of us), since the ways in which we think about and organize life experiences are influenced by what parts of the brain are activated during particular tasks or situations.
In addition to studying brain function, cognitive psychologists also examine how external factors such as culture and education affect how people think. They try to understand why some people are good at certain tasks (such as remembering things) while others are not, and they seek to apply their knowledge toward improving human performance across a wide range of activities.
Finally, cognitive psychologists study how people learn, remember, and make decisions about what to do next. They try to explain how new behaviors become habits and explore how different factors such as reward and punishment can either promote or hinder these changes over time.
Cognitive psychologists investigate how humans gather, interpret, process, and store information. This work might range from investigating how humans learn language to comprehending the interaction between cognition and emotion. Many current studies focus on three areas of research: perception, memory, and intelligence.
Research in perception seeks to understand how we see, hear, smell, taste, feel, and recognize objects and events. What scientists learn about perception can help us improve clinical treatments for patients who suffer vision problems such as blindness due to disease or injury. Research on memory aims to discover how we remember things and why some memories are easy to recall while others are not. Knowing how to strengthen or restore damaged memories could one day help people with amnesia or other memory disorders. Intelligence tests are used by psychologists to measure a person's IQ, or intelligence quotient. Children's IQ scores are usually reported as a number that represents the estimated average intelligence of all individuals of the same age and gender in America. Young adults' scores are often reported in categories based on education levels. People's IQs may change over time due to experiences such as learning new skills or losing others.
Psychologists use their knowledge of human behavior to explain what causes people to think and act the way they do.