Problems with disability and health Toulouse-parents, Lautrec's the Comte and Comtesse, were first cousins (his grandparents were sisters), and his congenital health problems were attributed to inbreeding in the family. Suffering from tuberculosis, they died when Toulouse was young.
Toulouse-Lautrec had two older brothers. The elder one, who also became an artist, died at age 26. The younger one, who was born after his father's death, lived only four years old.
Toulouse-Lautrec was educated by private tutors and never attended school. He started drawing at a very early age and always used his drawings as a form of expression.
Drawing for Toulouse-Lautrec was more than just a hobby; it was his way of surviving since he had no parents to support him. He drew posters advertising events where he could exhibit his work. He also drew portraits and animals for pay.
In 1884, Toulouse-Lautrec met Édouard Manet at a dinner party held by Roger de La Fresnaye. Impressed by Lautrec's talent, Manet invited him to come see him the next day so they could talk about art.
On November 24, 1864, in Albi, France, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born into the nobility. His parents, Adele and Alphonse, were first cousins who were claimed to have derived from prior cases of familial inbreeding, and as a result, Toulouse-Latrec and his relatives suffered from similar health conditions. When Latrec was one year old, his father died of tuberculosis.
His mother married again, this time to Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps, a wealthy wine merchant. The marriage did not last long and when Latrec was five years old, he had moved with his mother to Paris where she could take care of her son while she worked as a painter's model.
At the age of eleven, Latrec began taking art lessons from Jules Dalou. Three years later, he entered the École des Beaux-Arts where he studied under several famous painters including Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Edgar Degas, and Paul Gauguin. In 1880, at the age of fourteen, he exhibited some of his paintings at the Salons du Jeudi (Thursday Salon) and won third prize.
In 1881, Latrec rented a room in a house owned by a friend of his father's who was also a painter - Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The two artists became good friends and Renoir helped guide Latrec in the right direction financially.
Toulouse-family Lautrec's was affluent, with a genealogy that traced back to the reign of Charlemagne. He was up surrounded by his aristocratic family's love of athletics and art. The majority of the boy's time was spent at Chateau du Bosc, one of the family properties near Albi. There he enjoyed the company of servants and other children of rich families who were tutored by experienced teachers.
Toulouse-Lautrec started learning the art of painting at an early age from his father, who was also his teacher. At the age of 12, he traveled to Paris where he stayed with an uncle who was a priest. It was there that he became acquainted with the latest artistic trends and methods. After finishing school, he began work as an artist for a textile firm in Albi before moving to Marseille where he opened his own studio. He later moved back to Paris where he worked as a painter for various publishers, magazines, and companies. His first exhibit came in 1887 when he sent paintings to the annual exhibition of the Société des Artistes Français. Although he wasn't fully accepted at first, his work soon gained popularity and has never been forgotten since then.
During his lifetime, Toulouse-Lautrec was regarded as one of the leading artists of his time. He is best known for his exquisitely painted posters which promoted entertainment events such as music concerts and theater performances.
Camille Claudel was born in Fere-en-Tardenois, Aisne, northern France, as the first child of a farming and aristocratic family. Her father, Louis-Prosper Claudel, was a mortgage broker and banker. Her mother, the former Louise-Athanaise Cecile Cerveaux, was from a Catholic farming and priest family in Champagne. She had two other children who died in infancy. When Camille was nine years old, her father died in an accident at work; he was 37. Her mother married again, this time to a wealthy notary public named Guillaume Bernard Zola. He was forty years older than Madame Claudel and already a widower with four children of his own.
The family moved to Paris when Camille was 12 so that her new stepfather could take up a new post there. She attended school at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière on rue du Mont Parnasse in the 16th arrondissement. Here she met Auguste Rodin, who became her friend and mentor. In 1864, when she was 15, her mother married for a third time, this time to a wealthy wine merchant named Emile Gérard. They had one son together before divorcing in 1869. After the divorce, Claudel's mother moved to London where she took up painting and sculpture; she died at age 44.